國立臺南大學專任教師基本資料
姓名許皓捷
系所生態暨環境資源學系
職稱副教授
校內分機7202
EMAILshiuhj@gm2.nutn.edu.tw
辦公室Mountain Ecology Lab
網址 
專長/研究領域鳥類學、生態學、生態資料分析
學位畢業學校國別主修學門修業期間
學士國立台灣大學 畜產學1990/9-1993/6
碩士國立台灣大學 動物學1993/9-1995/6
博士國立台灣大學 動物學1996/9-2003/6
服務機關部門系所職稱服務期間
國立台灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所博士後研究員2003/7-2004/6
日本東京大學生物多樣性科學研究室研究員2004/7-2005/6
真理大學自然資源應用學系助理教授2006/2-2006/7
著作名稱:Multiscale heterogeneity within and beyond Taipei city greenspaces and their relationship with avian biodiversity
年度:2017
類別:期刊論文
摘要:Urban habitats are often studied as green fragments in a developed landscape, with opinions diverged on the importance of local versus landscape effects. We propose to replace this “local” versus “landscape” framework with a more precise construct using urban greenspace as the focal scale. Within-greenspace heterogeneity was defined by the multiple elements within each greenspace, whereas beyond-greenspace heterogeneity was defined by the green versus grey elements surrounding each greenspace. The avifauna species in 283 Taipei greenspaces were surveyed and analyzed using this framework. The urban avifauna was found to be associated with five different habitat types, conferring upcoming opinions that highlight the importance of fine-scaled heterogeneity in urban landscapes. Within-greenspace factors were more important than beyond-greenspace ones in explaining species composition and richness. Isolation effects were found only for birds associated with forests but not others because the large natural areas around the city were all forests. Although the city sits at the convergence of two rivers, the tall-grass/shrub and water-related birds associated with riparian systems were poorly represented. Synanthropics and exotics were mostly open woodland and ground/short-grass birds, whose habitat preferences overlapped with human preferences in landscaping. This suggests that human preferences in landuse and landscaping may affect ecosystems in ways beyond mere fragmentation. Ecosystem types that coincide in location with human preference in landuse or exhibit physical structures that do not meet human preferences are particularly at risk. The implications of such human impacts should be seriously considered in the conservation of biodiversity in an increasingly human-dominated world.
關鍵字:Urban biodiversity; Urban greenspace; Isolation effect; Area effect; Habitat association; Synanthropy; Human effects
著作名稱:Chang YM, Lin HY, Hatch KA, Yao CT, Shiu HJ. 2013. Brush-tipped Tongue Structure of the Taiwan Yuhina (Yuhina brunneiceps) and White-eared Sibia (Heterophasia auricularis). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125(1): 204-208. (SCI)
年度:2013
類別:期刊論文
摘要:The Taiwan Yuhina (Yuhina brunneiceps) and White-eared Sibia (Heterophasia auricularis) are nectar-feeding babblers endemic to Taiwan. We describe the morphological features of the brushtipped tongues of these species. The tongue divides into two parts and then into four parts towards the distal end for both species. The tongues of the Taiwan Yuhina and White-eared Sibia are specialized organs adapted for collection of nectar.
關鍵字:brush-tipped tongue, nectar-feeding babbler, Taiwan, Taiwan Yuhina, White-eared Sibia
著作名稱:Chan WP, Yuan HW, Huang CY, Wang CH, Lin SD, Lo YC, Huang BW, Hatch KA, Shiu HJ, You CF, Chang YM, Shen SF. 2012. Regional Scale High Resolution d18O Prediction in Precipitation Using MODIS EVI. PLOS ONE 7: e45496. (SCI)
年度:2012
類別:期刊論文
摘要:The natural variation in stable water isotope ratio data, also known as water isoscape, is a spatiotemporal fingerprint and a powerful natural tracer that has been widely applied in disciplines as diverse as hydrology, paleoclimatology, ecology and forensic investigation. Although much effort has been devoted to developing a predictive water isoscape model, it remains a central challenge for scientists to generate high accuracy, fine scale spatiotemporal water isoscape prediction. Here we develop a novel approach of using the MODIS-EVI (the Moderate Resolution Imagining Spectroradiometer-Enhanced Vegetation Index), to predict d18O in precipitation at the regional scale. Using a structural equation model, we show that the EVI and precipitated d18O are highly correlated and thus the EVI is a good predictor of precipitated d18O. We then test the predictability of our EVI-d18O model and demonstrate that our approach can provide high accuracy with fine spatial (2506250 m) and temporal (16 days) scale d18O predictions (annual and monthly predictabilities [r] are 0.96 and 0.80, respectively). We conclude the merging of the EVI and d18O in precipitation can greatly extend the spatial and temporal data availability and thus enhance the applicability for both the EVI and water isoscape.
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著作名稱:Chang YM, Hatch KA, Chang PW, Shiu HJ. 2008. Besra Sparrowhawk (Accipiter virgatus) predation on prey larger than itself. Journal of Raptor Research 42(3): 226. (SCI)
年度:2008
類別:期刊論文
摘要:
關鍵字:Besra Sparrowhawk, Accipiter virgatus, Taiwan Partridge, Arborophila crudigularis, prey
著作名稱:Chen IC, Hill JK, Shiu HJ, Holloway JD, Benedick S, Chey VK, Barlow HS, Thomas CD. 2011. Asymmetric boundary shifts of tropical montane Lepidoptera over four decades of climate warming. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 34-45. (SCI)
年度:2011
類別:期刊論文
摘要:Aim: To estimate whether species have shifted at equal rates at their leading edges (cool boundaries) and trailing edges (warm boundaries) in response to climate change. We provide the first such evidence for tropical insects, here examining elevation shifts for the upper and lower boundaries shifts of montane moths. Threats to species on tropical mountains are considered. Location: Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Methods: We surveyed Lepidoptera (Geometridae) on Mount Kinabalu in 2007, 42 years after the previous surveys in 1965. Changes in species upper and lower boundaries, elevational extents and range areas were assessed. We randomly subsampled the data to ensure comparable datasets between years. Estimated shifts were compared for endemic versus more widespread species, and for species that reached their range limits at different elevations. Results: Species that reached their upper limits at 2500–2700 m (n 28 species, 20% of those considered) retreated at both their lower and upper boundaries, and hence showed substantial average range contractions (-300 m in elevational extent and -45 km2 in estimated range area). These declines may be associated with changes in cloud cover and the presence of ecological barriers (geological and vegetation transitions) which impede uphill movement. Other than this group, most species (n 109, 80% of the species considered) expanded their upper boundaries upwards (by an average of 152 m) more than they retreated at their lower boundaries (77 m). Main conclusions: Without constraints, leading margins shifted uphill faster than trailing margins retreated, such that many species increased their elevational extents. However, this did not result in increases in range area because the area of land available declines with increasing elevation. Species close to a major ecological/geological transition zone on the mountain flank declined in their range areas. Extinction risk may increase long before species reach the summit, even when undisturbed habitats are available.
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著作名稱:Chang YM, Hatch KA, Wei HL, Yuan HW, You CF, Eggett D, Tu YH, Lin YL, Shiu HJ. 2011. Stable nitrogen and carbon isotopes may not be good indicators of altitudinal distributions in montane passerines. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 33-47. (SCI)
年度:2011
類別:期刊論文
摘要:We examined d15N and d13C values of feathers from nine species, belonging to three feeding guilds (herbivores, omnivores, and insectivores), of wild passerines at eight sites along an altitudinal gradient (339-2,876 m asl) within Taroko National Park, Taiwan. We examined: (1) if altitudinal patterns in feather d15N and d13C are consistent with previously published values for plants and soils, (2) if feather d15N and d13C differ among sites, and (3) if there are year-toyear and/or month-to-month fluctuations in feather d15N and d13C of the same birds. We found no simple relationship between feather isotope values and altitude. Feather d15N values decreased significantly with increasing altitude for insectivores, but not for herbivores and omnivores. Feather d13C values increased significantly with increasing altitude for herbivores and omnivores, but not for insectivores. Altitudinal trends in feather d15N and d13C values exhibit even more inconsistent patterns when data were analyzed by species; feather d15N and d13C values for some species increased significantly with increasing altitude, others decreased significantly with increasing altitude, and still others exhibited no significant relationship between isotopic values and altitude. The R2 for the relationship between feather d15N, d13C values and altitude was generally low regardless of whether the analysis was by feeding guilds or species. This indicates much of the variation cannot be explained by altitude. There were either no significant differences between sites, or significant differences between some but not all sites when investigating d15N or d13C, whether by feeding guilds or by species. Our study suggests that carbon and nitrogen isotopes may be not useful markers to track altitudinal migration of montane passerines.
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著作名稱:Chen IC, Shiu HJ, Benedick S, Holloway JD, Chey VK, Barlow HS, Hill JK, Thomas CD. 2009. Elevation increases in moth assemblages over 42 years on a tropical mountain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(5): 1479-1483. (SCI)
年度:2009
類別:期刊論文
摘要:Physiological research suggests that tropical insects are particularly sensitive to temperature, but information on their responses to climate change has been lacking—even though the majority of all terrestrial species are insects and their diversity is concentrated in the tropics. Here, we provide evidence that tropical insect species have already undertaken altitude increases, confirming the global reach of climate change impacts on biodiversity. In 2007, we repeated a historical altitudinal transect, originally carried out in 1965 on Mount Kinabalu in Borneo, sampling 6 moth assemblages between 1,885 and 3,675 m elevation. We estimate that the average altitudes of individuals of 102 montane moth species, in the family Geometridae, increased by a mean of 67 m over the 42 years. Our findings indicate that tropical species are likely to be as sensitive as temperate species to climate warming, and we urge ecologists to seek other historic tropical samples to carry out similar repeat surveys. These observed changes, in combination with the high diversity and thermal sensitivity of insects, suggest that large numbers of tropical insect species could be affected by climate warming. As the highest mountain in one of the most biodiverse regions of the world, Mount Kinabalu is a globally important refuge for terrestrial species that become restricted to high altitudes by climate warming.
關鍵字:biodiversity, climate change, Lepidoptera, tropical ecology
著作名稱:Shiu HJ, Lee PF. 2003. Assessing avian point-count duration and sample size using species accumulation functions. Zoological Studies 42(2): 357-367. (SCI)
年度:2003
類別:期刊論文
摘要:We used 2 species accumulation functions to fit observed data and determine appropriate point-count durations and sample sizes for bird surveys in 3 vegetation types during both breeding and non-breeding seasons. We conducted fieldwork in a grassland, a coniferous forest, and a broadleaf forest in subtropical Taiwan from October 1999 to January 2000 and from March to June 2000. In almost all cases, both the linear dependence model and the Clench model fit the observed data very well. We calculated the duration of point counts required to reach 80% of the predicted asymptote. The point-count duration required in the breeding season was 1 min for the grassland, 2 min for the coniferous forest, and 3 min for the broadleaf forest. During the non-breeding season, the required duration was 3 min for the grassland, 9 min for the coniferous forest, and 6 min for the broadleaf forest. The required samples depend on the goals of a survey, the season, and vegetation types. Our results demonstrate that bird detections vary between seasons and vegetation types. Therefore, when determining the durations and sample sizes of pointcounts, investigators should consider characteristics of the detection patterns of the bird communities. We show that asymptotic models can be used to examine these patterns in an objective and rigorous way.
關鍵字:Bird survey, Count duration, Point count, Species accumulation function, Taiwan
著作名稱:許皓捷, 李培芬. 2003. 群聚變異梯度長度對排序結果的影響. 台灣林業科學 18(3): 201-211. (EI)
年度:2003
類別:期刊論文
摘要:排序(ordination)是探討生物群聚與環境之間關係常用的多變數統計方法。本研究以模擬數據及鳥類群聚資料,探討主成分分析(principal components analysis, PCA)、對應分析(correspondenceanalysis, CA)、以及降趨對應分析(detrended correspondence analysis,DCA)三種常用的排序法在不同群聚變異梯度長度下的排序表現。結果發現三種排序法適用的群聚梯度長度不同。DCA運算結果的軸長可作為群聚梯度長度判斷的參考;梯度軸長在2 SD以上,且CA因為物種沿環境梯度的非線性分布而產生明顯拱形效應(arch effect)時,以DCA的結果較佳;但若樣點在CA的空間未有明顯拱形排列時,則以使用CA較適當。軸長在2 SD以下時,以使用CA及PCA較佳,DCA則可能因為降趨(detrending)及重新刻劃(rescaling)的程序,而嚴重扭曲數據原本蘊含的生態意義。排序方法的選擇應考慮生物群聚之梯度長度,以獲得合理的結果。
關鍵字:對應分析、降趨對應分析、梯度長度、排序、主成分分析
著作名稱:東方草鴞於臺灣南部地區分布模式初探
年度:2017
類別:期刊論文
摘要:
關鍵字:
著作名稱:徐紫欽, 許皓捷. 2014. 臺灣低海拔灌叢鳥類調查:定點計數與霧網捕捉之比較. 台灣生物多樣性研究 16(1): 51-61.
年度:2014
類別:期刊論文
摘要:定點計數與霧網捕捉法是鳥類群聚調查常用的方法。定點計數法效率高,但不易察覺隱密鳥種。相反地,霧網捕捉法較易調查到隱密鳥種,但必須投入大量人力及時間。兩種方法察覺到的鳥種特性不同,但調查得到的鳥類群聚結構差異卻很少被討論。我們於 2012 年 4 月至 9 月,在臺南龍崎海拔約 100 m 之灌叢與高草地,分別以這兩種方法調查鳥類。我們比較兩種方法得到的鳥類資料,包括鳥種組成、種類多樣性及鳥類的生物與生態特性。調查期間共記錄到 17 種,513 隻次。 其中,定點計數法 12 種,413 隻次;霧網捕捉法 13 種,100 隻次。兩種方法得到的種類多樣性類似,但鳥種組成相似性不高,Jaccard similarity index 僅 0.47。定點計數法不易察覺相對密度較低或不善鳴叫的鳥種;霧網捕捉法則不易捕獲體型較大或相對翼長較短的鳥類。我們認為在低海拔灌叢進行鳥類調查時,單獨採用定點計數或霧網捕捉法,均可能嚴重低估樣區的鳥種多樣性;僅採用其中一種方法調查鳥類,對於結果的詮釋,應特別謹慎。
關鍵字:鳥類調查、定點計數、霧網捕捉
著作名稱:許皓捷, 池文傑, 柯智仁, 楊曼瑜, 周大慶, 李培芬. 2012. 以鳥類資料評估四草溼地水鳥棲地改善工程之成效. 國家公園學報 22(1): 1-17.
年度:2012
類別:期刊論文
摘要:四草野生動物保護區當中的高蹺?繁殖區(A1)及北汕尾水鳥保護區(A2),於2002-2004年之間陸續進行大規模棲地改善工程,目的在增加高蹺?繁殖族群及提昇鳥類多樣性。我們在2003年12月至2010年7月於保護區進行鳥類調查,並對照鹿耳門溪北岸廢棄魚塭的同期鳥類調查資料,以及A2區1998-2000年的施工前文獻資料,評估該項工程是否達到預期效果。結果發現A1區在施工之後,繁殖期高蹺?族群量並未逐年增長;度冬期水鳥群聚結構則在2003-2005年之間發生劇烈變動,兩年內物種轉換率達52%,主要改變為水岸高草游涉禽增加、水域泥岸涉禽減少;2005年之後群聚結構才趨於穩定。A2區在棲地改善工程之後,候鳥度冬期的水鳥總個體數並未增加,種類多樣性則非但未增加,甚且逐年遞減;2003-2009年之間水鳥種類多樣性減少21%。A2區施工前的度冬期水鳥群聚結構,在1998-2003年之間沒有明顯變動。但施工及完工之後,於2003-2009年之間,則持續呈現具方向性之改變,主要是水岸高草游涉禽增加、泥灘涉禽減少。由於對照樣區群聚結構在此期間呈穩定狀態,顯示A1及A2區鳥類群聚結構劇烈變動為獨立事件,其原因極可能來自棲地改善工程。是項工程沒有成功增加A1區高蹺?繁殖族群,而在A2區,非但未使水鳥種類多樣性增加,反而導致其嚴重銳減。是項工程的必要性未經科學評估,亦未明確釐清課題,且基礎生態資訊掌握不足,導致規劃失當。然而棲地改善的成效評估及生態監測報告並未指出工程未達預期效益之問題,主要原因是監測缺乏目標、抽樣及分析不當、以及結果未正確解讀。我們認為任何棲地改善或復育工程均必須基於生態學資料,並廣納各界建言,避免僅根據特定少數人意見而為之。
關鍵字:鳥類、生態監測、棲地工程、溼地復育
著作名稱:凌國樺, 許皓捷. 2011. 鳥音回播在低海拔鳥類相調查之應用. 環境與生態學報 4(1): 1-16.
年度:2011
類別:期刊論文
摘要:本研究探討搭配鳥音回播的定點計數是否可以提升鳥類相調查效率。在台南縣崁頭山海拔75-660 m地區進行實驗。結果發現,搭配鳥音回播在定點需要停留更久時間,但明顯減少需要的樣本數。回播使調查到的總鳥種數較少,但可以增加調查到的總個體數。本研究鳥音回播與定點計數同時進行,以致對調查者造成干擾,無法完全達到預期結果。我們認為在非繁殖季明顯缺乏鳥音線索的中高海拔山區的鳥類相調查,搭配鳥音回播的定點計數仍值得嘗試;並應採取播放一段時間之後,關掉音源再進行調查。雖然增加額外的鳥音播放時間,但應該可以有效減少樣本數;對於路途遙遠或可及性較低的中高海拔山區而言,有其應用上的價值。
關鍵字:鳥類相、鳥類調查、鳥音回播、定點計數法
著作名稱:Lin HY, Shiu HJ, Yao CT, Hatch KA, Chang YM. 2009. Morphological characteristics of Tawny Owl (Strix aluco) in Taiwan. Raptor Research of Taiwan 8: 35-39.
年度:2009
類別:期刊論文
摘要:
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著作名稱:Shiu HJ, Nakamura H, Tokita K, Morishita E, Moriya E, Wu YY, Sakai S, Higuchi H. 2006. Route and site fidelity of two migratory raptors: Gray-faced Buzzards Butastur indicus and Honey-buzzards Pernis apivorus. Ornithological Science 5: 151-156.
年度:2006
類別:期刊論文
摘要:In order to examine fidelity to migration route, breeding, wintering, and stopover sites, we analyzed the migration of two adult Grey-faced Buzzards Butastur indicus and an adult Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus that were satellite-tracked in East Asia for more than two migration seasons. The Grey-faced Buzzards showed a high degree of route fidelity across seasons and years. On the other hand, the migration routes of the Honey-buzzard were distinctly different between fall and spring seasons, whereas, within each season they were roughly similar between years. All three raptors were strictly faithful to their breeding and wintering sites. They also showed fidelity to several stopover sites in which the raptors stayed for relatively long periods to replenish energy. Our findings have important implications for the conservation of the migratory raptors.
關鍵字:Butastur indicus, Migration, Pernis apivorus, Route fidelity, Site fidelity
著作名稱:Shiu HJ, Ding TS, Sheu JE, Lin RS, Koh CN, Lee PF. 2005. Morphological characters of bird species in Taiwan. Taiwania 50(2): 80-92.
年度:2005
類別:期刊論文
摘要:We documented body measurements of birds captured during 1987-1995 banding research in Taiwan by Taipei Wild Bird Society. A total of 223 bird species with measurements of body mass, length of body, head, tail, bill and tarsus, and maximum wing span were compiled for the database. Body mass, length of bill, and length of tarsus of 85 species that had sample sizes > 20 were reported. In addition, we also compared our data with that from Dunning (1993). Among the ten species eligible for further analyses, we found that eight species showed significant differences in body mass between our data and that of Dunning (1993). Our results together with our recent studies (Lee et al, 2004; Ding et al., 2005) showed that compiling banding research data contribute to predict ecological parameters of bird studies in community, ecosystem and landscape levels.
關鍵字:Bill length, body mass, geographic variation, Taiwan, tarsus length
著作名稱:Higuchi H, Shiu HJ, Nakamura H, Uematsu A, Kuno K, Saeki M, Hotta M, Tokita KI, Moriya E, Morishita E, Tamura M. 2005. Migration of Honey-buzzards Pernis apivorus based on satellite tracking. Ornithological Science 4(2): 109-115.
年度:2005
類別:期刊論文
摘要:We satellite-tracked the migration of two adult and one young Honeybuzzards Pernis apivorus between the Japanese breeding ground and Southeast Asia. In autumn migration, the two adults (A1 and A2) migrated across the East China Sea, then through China, the Indochina and Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra. After Sumatra, A1 arrived in Java for the winter, while A2 moved up through Borneo and reached Mindanao, the Philippines. The young honey-buzzard moved along the coast of the South China Sea to reach the Malay Peninsula for the winter. In spring migration, A1 went up the Malay Peninsula, and then took a route different from its autumn route, moving up inland China, down to North and South Korea, and arrived at the previous breeding site in Japan. A2 followed the autumn route and reached a stopover site in Cambodia. After an undetermined radio silence, it was rediscovered back at its breeding area in Japan. The young stayed at the wintering site, making no apparent effort to get back to the breeding area. The sample size is limited, but these results suggest that the migration of Honey-buzzards is remarkably convoluted and varies considerably with bird age and season.
關鍵字:Honey-buzzard, Migration, Pernis apivorus, Pernis ptilorhyncus, Satellite- tracking
著作名稱:Shiu HJ, Lee PF. 2003. Seasonal variation in bird species richness along elevational gradients in Taiwan. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 14(1): 1-21.
年度:2003
類別:期刊論文
摘要:Seasonal variations in the distribution of bird species richness and community composition along elevational gradients in Taiwan were studied. We compiled bird species richness data through an extensive literature review, and classified the data into breeding season, nonbreeding season, and year-round sets. We then examined the avifaunal-environmental relationships using presence/absence data by principle components analysis (PCA), cluster analysis, and detrended correspondence analysis (DCA). With the year-round dataset, species richness appeared roughly constant from sea level to about 1500 m, then declined with increasing elevation; while the richness during the breeding season was non-linearly related to elevation, with a hump-shaped curve which peaked at around 1500 m. By separating migratory landbirds from residents during the non-breeding season, however, we found that the two groups had different patterns along the gradient: residents showed a hump-shaped pattern similar to that of the breeding season, whereas migratory landbirds showed a negative exponential pattern. The results of PCA and cluster analysis demonstrated that the resident assemblages were classified into three major categories: lowlands, mid-elevation domain, and highlands, separated roughly by the elevations of 300 and 2300 m. DCAs indicated that elevation and human disturbance are the major environmental factors contributing to variations in the trend of resident assemblages. The seasonality of data collection strongly influences bird species richness distribution patterns and should be clearly defined to obtain a meaningful result in bird species richness studies.
關鍵字:bird community, elevational gradient, seasonal variation, species richness, Taiwan
著作名稱:Lee PF, Ding TS, Shiu HJ. 1998. Relationship between body mass and body length of resident bird species in Taiwan. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 9: 67-79.
年度:1998
類別:期刊論文
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