國立臺南大學教師基本資料

基本資料
姓名 蕭詠璋
系所 經營與管理學系
職稱 副教授
校內分機 7738
傳真 06-2606173
辦公室/研究室 榮譽校區C309-2室
E-mail ychsiao@mail.nutn.edu.tw
網址
專長/研究領域 科技管理,策略管理
 

畢業學校國別主修學門學位修業期間
國立中山大學台灣企業管理學系學士1998/09~2002/06
國立清華大學台灣科技管理研究所碩士2002/09~2004/06
國立成功大學台灣企業管理學系科技創新組博士2004/09~2010/09

服務機關部門 / 系所職稱服務期間
元智大學知識服務與創新研究中心專任研究助理2005/06~2007/05
行政院原子能委員會核能研究所技術推廣中心副研發師2010/12~2013/10
華夏技術學院企業管理學系兼任助理教授2013/02~2013/06
國立空中大學通識教育中心兼任助理教授2013/02~2014/01
國立臺灣大學工商管理學系博士後研究員2013/11~2014/01
國立臺南大學經營與管理學系專任助理教授2014/02-2017/07
國立臺南大學研究發展處產學合作組兼任組長2014/03-2016/07
國立臺南大學經營與管理學系專任副教授2017/08-迄今

著作
名稱組織變革與資訊科技對組織績效影響之研究
年度2008
類別期刊論文
摘要本研究的目的是探討組織變革、資訊科技與組織績效之間的關係。本研究 以105家台灣企業為樣本,採用迴歸分析來驗證所提出之研究假設。研究結果 顯示組織結構變革及資訊科技投資與組織績效有正向關係,而作業變革與組織 績效則有負向關係;另外,資訊科技與組織結構變革對於組織績效之影響具有 互補作用。本文最後提出結論與建議,可做為企業界與後續研究者參考。
關鍵字組織變革、資訊科技、組織績效
名稱Knowledge management and innovativeness: The role of organizational climate and structure
年度2010
類別期刊論文
摘要Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of organizational climate and structure on knowledge management and firm innovativeness from the social capital and social network perspectives. Design/methodology/approach – The empirical study employed a questionnaire approach. The sample for this study was drawn from the population of the top 5,000 Taiwanese firms listed in the yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service Incorporation. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 146 Taiwanese firms. Findings – The findings suggest that knowledge management is positively related to firm innovativeness. In addition, the effect of knowledge management on innovativeness is positively moderated by supportive climate and decentralized, integrated, and less formalized structure. The study also examines the effects of organizational climate and structure on knowledge management and the results indicate that innovative and supportive climate are positively related to knowledge management. When the organizational structure is less formalized, more decentralized and integrated, knowledge management is more enhanced. Practical implications – Firms need to be aware of the critical role of organizational structure and climate in the transition process of knowledge management to innovative products or services. Originality/value – This study contributes to the literature by investigating the relationships among organizational contexts of climate and structure, knowledge management, and firm innovativeness from the social capital and social network perspectives.
關鍵字Knowledgemanagement, Innovation, Organizational structures, Social capital, Networking, Taiwan
名稱Knowledge management capacity and organizational performance: The social interaction view
年度2011
類別期刊論文
摘要Purpose – This study aims to investigate the relationship between knowledge management capacity and organizational performance from the social interaction perspective. Design/methodology/approach – The empirical study employs a questionnaire approach. The sample for this study is drawn from the population of the top 5,000 Taiwanese firms listed in the yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service Incorporation. Regression analysis is used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 105 Taiwanese firms. Findings – The findings suggest that two assessments of knowledge management capacity, knowledge acquisition and dissemination, and the communication factor of social interaction are positively related to organizational performance. Further, social interaction has complementary or synergistic interaction effects with knowledge management capacity on organizational performance. Practical implications – Given the need for the use of knowledge management capacity as an enabler to improve organization outcome, firms need to be aware that social interaction would moderate the link between knowledge management capacity and organizational performance. Therefore, firms should pay special attention to formulate appropriate social interaction conditions under which knowledge acquisition and dissemination are most likely to enhance organizational performance. Originality/value – This study contributes to the literature by theoretically developing a conceptual model and then empirically examining the relationships among knowledge management capacity, social interaction, and organizational performance.
關鍵字Knowledge management capacity, Social interaction, Organizational performance. Competitive advantage, Management effectiveness, Taiwan
名稱Mobilizing human and social capital under industry contexts to pursue high-tech entrepreneurship
年度2013
類別期刊論文
摘要Entrepreneurship is increasingly recognized as a critical enabling driver to the business enterprises and the economic growth of nations. Accordingly, how to promote entrepreneurship has become a critical concern among academic scholars and business practitioners. The purpose of this study is to investigate how entrepreneurs mobilize their human and social capital under industry contexts to pursue entrepreneurship. Two prominent cases, Trend Micro (an anti-virus company) and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Ltd. (a semiconductor foundry company), are used to illustrate how entrepreneurs’ human capital and social capital fit with industry environment to identify opportunity and how entrepreneurs’ social capital can bring resources to transform the opportunity into successful new ventures. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
關鍵字entrepreneurship, human capital, social capital, industry context, TSMC, Trend Micro
名稱The endogenous role of location choice in product innovations
年度2013
類別期刊論文
摘要The location choice of product innovations is a prevalent phenomenon one that has received little attention in the literature. This study examines the ways in which comparative industry environment, technology and product characteristics, and entry timing affect the firm’s location choice of new product development activities between headquarters and foreign subsidiaries and the implications of location choice for performance. Our findings indicate that: (1) firms are more likely to locate their new product development activities at foreign subsidiaries in mainland China than at headquarters in Taiwan when the industry environment at foreign subsidiaries is more favorable, when technologies and products are more mature, and when the entry to mainland China’s market is earlier than that of its competitors; (2) in general, firms locating their new product development activities at headquarters in Taiwan perform better than firms locating their new product development activities at foreign subsidiaries in mainland China after controlling for endogeneity bias; (3) firms locating their new product development activities at headquarters (at foreign subsidiaries) perform better than if they had located their new product development activities at foreign subsidiaries (at headquarters). Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
關鍵字Location choice, New product development, Headquarters, Foreign subsidiaries
名稱Branding vs. contract manufacturing: Capability, strategy, and performance
年度2013
類別期刊論文
摘要Purpose – This study attempts to investigate the relationships among organizational capabilities, strategic choice, and firm performance and examine three questions: What are the relationships between organizational capabilities and the firm’s strategic choice – contract manufacturing and branding? Do branding firms perform better than contract manufacturing firms after controlling for endogeneity bias? Do firms usually choose their strategy (contract manufacturing/branding) appropriately to achieve a better performance under the conditions they encounter? Design/methodology/approach – The empirical study employs a questionnaire approach to collect data from the population of the top 5,000 Taiwanese firms listed in the yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service Incorporation for testing the validity of the model and research hypotheses. This study uses a Heckman two-step estimation procedure and follows the procedure proposed by Shaver to examine the economic implications of strategic choice on firm performance. Findings – Firms are more likely to adopt the branding strategy when they have better marketing and R&D capabilities while they are more likely to choose the contract manufacturing strategy when they possess superior manufacturing and process capabilities; in general branding firms perform better than contract manufacturing firms after controlling for endogeneity bias; and firms achieve a better performance if their strategic choice (contract manufacturing/branding) fits the conditions they encounter. Research limitations/implications – This study contributes to the marketing literature by exploring an important issue of strategic choice (contract manufacturing or branding) and contributes to the strategy literature by proposing the endogenous role of strategic choice in the relationship between organizational capabilities and firm performance. Practical implications – Firms should take into account organizational capabilities when choosing a contract manufacturing strategy or branding strategy. Further, managers should not ignore matching their strategic choice (contract manufacturing/branding) with the conditions they encounter in order to optimize firm performance. Originality/value – The strategic choice of branding or contract manufacturing is a prevalent phenomenon that has received little attention in the strategy and marketing literature. Based on the competence-based perspective, this study examines the relationships among organizational capabilities, strategic choice, and firm performance.
關鍵字Branding, Contract manufacturing, Organizational capabilities, Strategic choices, Firm performance, Brands, Contract workers, Business performance, Organizational performance, Taiwan
名稱Transfer mechanisms and knowledge transfer: The cooperativecompetency perspective
年度2014
類別期刊論文
摘要This study examines the role of transfermechanisms, including replication and adaptation, in knowledge transfer from the cooperative competency perspective. This study tests the hypotheses in a sample of 120 knowledge transfer cases. The results indicate that transfer mechanisms relate positively to cooperative competency with partnering firms,which then improves knowledge transfer performance. The results provide evidence that cooperative competency plays a mediating role between transfer mechanisms and knowledge transfer performance. The findings of this study contribute to the theoretical development of a conceptual model for explaining the interrelationships among transfer mechanisms, cooperative competency, and knowledge transfer performance. The empirical evidence of the Sobel test in line with Baron and Kennys procedure and bootstrap analysis supports the process-oriented view and indicates that cooperative competency mediates the effects of transfer mechanisms on knowledge transfer performance. Finally, this study discusses the managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
關鍵字Transfer mechanisms, Replication, Adaptation, Cooperative competency, Knowledge transfer performance
名稱Intellectual capital and new product development
年度2014
類別期刊論文
摘要Based on the knowledge-based view, we examined the relationships among various dimensions of intellectual capital, including human capital, organizational capital, and customer capital, and new product performance. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 93 firms. The results indicated that human capital and organizational capital are positively related to customer capital which in turn has a positive effect on new product performance. This study contributes to the theoretical development of a conceptual model by examining the mediating role of customer capital in the relation human capital and organizational capital with new product performance. The empirical evidences support our prediction and indicate that human capital and organizational capital can deliver a better new product performance primarily through improving customer capital. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
關鍵字human capital, organizational capital, customer capital, new product
名稱Success catalyst or hidden impediment? How does the time tomarket alter the innovative performance effect of technological heterogeneity and network resource asymmetry
年度2015
類別期刊論文
摘要Research and development (R&D) alliance is of great importance among various strategic alliances in high-tech industries, and it has become a vital strategy for many corporations to achieve competitive advantage in international business. This study aims to examine the links between network resource asymmetries and innovative performance from both economic and social dual perspectives and focusing on biopharmaceutical industries. We found that there are no significant linear or non-linear relationships between technological heterogeneity and innovative performance, while an inverse U-shaped relationship between network resource asymmetry and innovative performance was observed. Furthermore, time to market weakens the positive relationship between network resource asymmetry and innovative performance when the alliance was created by contract without financial investment and biotech-pharm (BP) partner type alliances. Overall, this study makes important theoretical and practical contributions to partner selection literature on R&D alliances in the biopharmaceutical industry.
關鍵字Technological Heterogeneity, Network Resource Asymmetry, Time to Market, Innovation, Biopharmaceutical Industry
名稱The relationship between team diversity and new product performance: The moderating role of organizational slack
年度2015
類別期刊論文
摘要The relationship between team diversity and new product performance is often assumed to be linear. This assumption has been challenged conceptually and empirically, but results to date have been inconsistent. This study examines this issue based on behavioral theory and social identity theory. The empirical results generally supported our expectations of the inverse U-shaped relationship between team diversity and new product performance. We also hypothesized and found that organizational slack moderated the curvilinear relationship between team diversity and new product performance. Questionnaire survey on 118 new product development projects in Taiwanese firms is collected to test the hypotheses. We conclude by discussing the managerial implications of these findings for the use of team composition to the new product projects in personnel selection.
關鍵字team diversity, organizational slack, new product development
名稱Ownership structure, independent board members and innovation performance: A contingency perspective
年度2016
類別期刊論文
摘要This study advances the research on corporate governance and innovation by investigating how technology diversity strategy and absorptive capacity shape the relationships between foreign ownership, independent board members and firm innovation in emerging economics. Using panel data from 138 Taiwanese firms, this study finds that the relationship between foreign ownership and innovation performance is negatively moderated by technology diversity strategy. The relationship between the proportion of independent board members on the board and innovation performance is positively moderated by technology diversity strategy, whereas the focal link is negatively moderated by absorptive capacity. These findings contribute to a better understanding of how the fit relationships of governance arrangements (foreign ownership and independent board members) with internal conditions (technology diversity strategy and absorptive capacity) influence firms ability to benefit from innovation activities. Finally, this study discusses the managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
關鍵字foreign ownership, independent board members, innovation, technology diversity strategy, absorptive capacity
名稱First-Mover strategy, resource capacity alignment, and new product performance: A framework for mediation and moderation effects
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要Based on the competence-based perspective and contingency perspective, this study attempts to examine the relationships among first-mover strategy, a firm’s core capacity, resource allocation, and new product performance. Our findings indicate that (1) firms achieve a better new product performance when adopting first-mover strategy and having an excellent core capacity, and (2) firms achieve a better new product performance if their core capacity (technical and managerial) fits the resource allocation they implement. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
關鍵字first-mover strategy, core capacity, resource allocation, new product development
名稱In search of parents’ knowledge for joint venture’s innovation
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of dynamic capabilities from the knowledge-based perspective, including knowledge relatedness and knowledge learning, and to investigate the dynamic capabilities on innovation performance in joint venture. Negative binomial regression is used to test the hypotheses in a panel data of 183 joint venture cases. Significant relationships are found between dynamic capabilities and innovation performance. Moreover, the moderating roles of parent patents granted before, parent knowledge diversity and joint venture knowledge diversity are recognized and are hypothesized as positively do moderate the effect of knowledge relatedness on innovation performance, but parent patents granted before and joint venture knowledge diversity are hypothesized as negatively tend to moderate the effect of knowledge learning on innovation performance. The findings support our prediction and. policy implications are discussed.
關鍵字patents granted before, knowledge diversity, knowledge-based dynamic capabilities, innovation performance
名稱The innovation and economic consequences of knowledge spillovers: fit between exploration and exploitation capabilities, knowledge attributes, and transfer mechanisms
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要The purpose of this study is to investigate the moderating roles of the attributes and transfer mechanisms of knowledge in the relationship between organisational capabilities and innovation and economic performance. Regression analysis on a sample of 120 Taiwanese firms was used to test our model. The findings suggest that the organisational capabilities of exploration and exploitation are positively related to innovation and economic performance. The effect of exploration on performance is positively moderated by tacit knowledge and adaptation knowledge transfer mechanisms. In contrast, exploitation is a stronger predictor of performance when organisations acquire well-defined knowledge and use replication knowledge transfer mechanisms.
關鍵字Knowledge transfer; exploration; exploitation; knowledge attributes; transfer mechanisms; technological entrepreneurship; technology-intensive firms
名稱Resource alignment, organizational distance, and knowledge transfer performance: the contingency role of alliance form
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要The main objective of this study was to examine empirically the moderating effects of two forms of alliances—equity-based and contract-based—on knowledge transfer performance. Using a quantitative analytical approach, the theoretical model and hypotheses in this study were tested based on empirical data gathered from the top 5000 Taiwanese companies listed in the yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service, Inc. in 2006. Data obtained from 107 valid and complete survey questionnaires were analyzed using correlation coefficients and multiple linear regressions. The results revealed that resource similarity was more positively associated with knowledge transfer performance when the alliance form is equity-based, whereas resource utilization was more positively related to knowledge transfer performance when equity-based alliances were adopted. In addition, organizational distance was more negatively related to knowledge transfer performance for equity-based alliances than for contract-based alliances.
關鍵字 Resource alignment,  Organizational distance,  Alliance form,  Knowledge transfer
名稱Exploring Service Innovation and Value Creation: The Critical Role of Network Relationships
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要This study examines the role of service innovation, including service process, IT infrastructure and customer acuity, on customer satisfaction from the network relationships perspective. This study tests the hypotheses in a sample of 136 companies, which is drawn from Top 5000 Taiwanese firms listed in the 2015 yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service Incorporation. The results indicate that service innovation is positively related to network relationships, and that network relationships have a positive effect on customer satisfaction. Also, the results provide evidence that network relationships play a mediating role between service innovation and customer satisfaction. The findings of this study contribute to the theoretical development of a conceptual model for explaining the interrelationships among service innovation, network relationships, and customer satisfaction. The empirical evidence of the Sobel test, in line with Baron and Kenny’s procedure and bootstrap analysis supports the process-oriented view and indicates that network relationships mediate the effect of service innovation on customer satisfaction. Finally, this study discusses managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
關鍵字Service innovation, Service Process, IT Infrastructure, Customer Acuity, Network Relationships, Customer Satisfaction
名稱線上企業創造鎖入效應之策略分析
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要
關鍵字
名稱Fitting cooperative mode in inter-organizational strategic alliance: a perspective from innovative and financial performances
年度2017
類別期刊論文
摘要The main objective of this study is to empirically examine the moderating effects of two distinct aspects of cooperative mode: the replication and the adaptation on two dimensions of alliance performance: innovative and financial performances. Using a quantitative analytical approach, the theoretical model and hypotheses of this study were tested based on empirical data gathered from the top 5000 Taiwanese companies listed in a yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service Incorporation in 2013. Data obtained from the 120 valid and complete survey questionnaires were analyzed using correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression. The results revealed that internal intention and involvement degree were more positively associated with alliance performance when the cooperative mode is adaptation, where as external intention was more positively related to alliance performance when replication cooperative mode were adopted. Based on the recipients’ internal and external intensions, as well as involvement degree, we also constructed a strategic matrix of a cooperative mode within an inter-organizational strategic alliance.
關鍵字Intentions, Involvement degree, Cooperative mode, Contingency, Strategic alliance
名稱Cooperative mode as a contingency factor in inter-organizational strategic alliance
年度2014
類別研討會
摘要Strategic alliance constitutes a strategic area of management research. However, little is known about the circumstances under which one particular cooperative mode is the most appropriate and the other one is not. The main objective of this study is to empirically examine the moderating effects of two distinct degrees of cooperative mode: degree of replication and adaptation on two dimensions of alliance performance: innovative and financial performances. Using the quantitative analytical approach, the theoretical model and hypotheses in this study were tested based on empirical data gathered from the top 5000 Taiwanese companies listed in the yearbook published by the China Credit Information Service Incorporation in 2011. Data obtained from the 120 valid and complete survey questionnaires were analyzed using the correlation coefficients and multiple linear regressions. The results revealed that internal intention was more positively associated with the alliance performance when the cooperative mode belongs to a higher degree of adaptation and a lower degree of replication; external intention was more positively related to alliance performance when adopting a higher degree of replication and a lower degree of adaptation. In addition, involvement degree was more positively related to alliance performance when adopting a higher degree of adaptation and a lower degree of replication. The study has bridged the literature gaps in such that it offers empirical evidence and advances our understanding of how the fit relationships of cooperative mode with the recipients’ intentions and involvement degree influence their ability to benefit from strategic alliance in innovative and financial performance.
關鍵字cooperative mode, contingency, strategic alliance
名稱建構顧客導向之知識庫-以大成長城飼料廠為例
年度2015
類別研討會
摘要本研究主要探討企業透過知識的運用以因應環境市場的需求,探討知識在內部環境及外部環境各階段的交互作用,最後建構以顧客為導向的知識庫以解決顧客需求,並提高公司的競爭力。在Nonaka (1995)及Nonaka et al. (2014)所提出的知識螺旋理論中,每家企業中所運用的方式皆為不同,對大成長城飼料廠而言雖然是製造業,但最終導向依然是以顧客需求為主。以飼料廠而言為滿足顧客需求,首要著重點就在於技術的改良與提昇,而技術也是知識的一種,它如同知識在組織間流通與產出一樣重要。組織本身並不會產出知識,而是要透過人與人之間的互動、學習、觀察,共同累積與創造而成,也說明知識螺旋在企業中的重要性。研究中除了組織內技術的提昇、流動、產出、運用之外,最終目標也將以技術來滿足顧客需求,並建立起以顧客為導向的知識庫。
關鍵字知識螺旋、顧客關係、知識創造
名稱Fuzzy markup language with genetic learning mechanism for invention patent quality evaluation
年度2015
類別研討會
摘要Patent quality evaluation and applications are important issues for new products generation. In recent years, Taiwan government also actively pushes the patent-related laws and rules to strengthen the development of national patent technologies and their protection utility. In order to deal with large amounts of patent information to enhance the patent expansibility and technology transfer possibility, this study proposes genetic fuzzy markup language (GFML) for patent quality evaluation. First, some patent gazettes are downloaded from Taiwan intellectual property office (TIPO) website. The GFML is used to describe the knowledge base and rule base of the patent’s quality evaluation based on the evaluation index of Japan patent office (JPO) and intellectual property quotient (IPQ). Additionally, the patent quality evaluation ontology is also constructed. Then, we infer each patent’s quality comprehensive evaluation based on the constructed ontology. We also adopt the genetic algorithm (GA) to improve the performance of the proposed method. Experimental results show that the proposed mechanism is feasible for the patent quality evaluation.
關鍵字Genetic Algorithm, Ontology, Fuzzy Markup Language, Patent Quality Evaluation, Patent Recommendation
名稱The entry mode evolution in a transitioning economy: The roles of parent capacity, industry relatedness, and external environment.
年度2015
類別研討會
摘要This study investigates the relationship between parent capacity and entry mode evolution and the moderating effects of industry relatedness and external environment on the relationship by using the panel data from 318 entry mode cases. On the basis of the resource-based view, the results indicate that parent capacity, in terms of absorptive capacity and subsidiary density, plays an important role in affecting entry mode evolution. In addition, industry relatedness and external environment, in terms of infrastructure quality and industrial growth, positively moderate the relationship between absorptive capacity and entry mode evolution, while negatively affect the relationship between subsidiary density and entry mode evolution. This study extents our knowledge about the impact of parent capacity on entry mode evolution under the contingency of industry relatedness and external environment. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
關鍵字 entry mode evolution; parent capacity; industry relatedness; external environment
名稱Mobilizing service innovation to improve service performance - A case study of Fareastone Telecommunications Inc.
年度2016
類別研討會
摘要Following the era of the knowledge economy, service industry has become an important pillar of the national economic development. Therefore, how to effectively conduct service innovation has become an important topic for industry to explore. The purpose of this study was to build a conceptual framework of service innovation, from Fareastone Telecommunications Inc, a telecommunication company case from Taiwan. Through literature review and interview, conceptual framework of service innovation was rooted in the market side, the policy side and technical side and then expand the eight steps, including the composition of the project team, the service idea generation, service idea screening, development concept selection, design & development, service testing, commercialization, service quality, and ultimately generating new service value, thereby creating customer satisfaction. Finally, managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
關鍵字Service innovation, Service value, Customer participation
名稱The moderating effects of business strategies on the curvilinear relationships between corporate social (ir)responsibility and firm performance
年度2016
類別研討會
摘要By distinguishing the differences betweencorporate social responsibility (CSR) andcorporate social irresponsibility (CSiR), we propose double U-shaped relationships between CSR and corporate firm performance (CFP) as well as CSiR and CFP. The relationshipsenlighten the coexistence of positive and negative social involvements of companies,and help to explain the mixed results between social and financialperformance discussed by researchers. Moreover, business strategies such as cost leadership and differentiation have positive moderating effects on CSR-CFP relationship, but negatively moderate the relationship between CSiR and CFP. Finally, this study discusses the managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
關鍵字Business strategies, Corporate social responsibility, Firm performance
名稱Firm-specific advantages-product innovation capability complementarities and innovation success: A core competency approach
年度2016
類別研討會
摘要The purpose of this study builds on a dynamic capabilities perspective to examine the relationships among firm-specific advantages, product innovation capability, and innovative performance. We propose that the role of product innovation capability is different in the relationships between two dimensions of firm-specific advantages (R&D orientation and marketing orientation) and the innovative performance. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 130 new product development cases. The empirical findings indicate that product innovation capability positively moderates the relationship between marketing orientation and innovative performance while R&D orientation affects the innovative performance primarily through the mediating effects of product innovation capability. Managerial implications and future research are discussed.
關鍵字firm-specific advantages, product innovation capability, innovative performance